Unless you’ve been living under a rock, you’ve probably heard of THC (9-tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). These cannabinoids are the most well-known amongst all other cannabinoids that can be found within the cannabis plant. However, there are over 110 other minor cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant, and they benefits of minor cannabinoids are as the aforementioned two.
Minor cannabinoids, what are they?
As mentioned before, there are over 110 cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant. THC and CBD are only two of those cannabinoids. Let’s make it clear, just because minor cannabinoids have the term “minor” in them, they are not lesser or less beneficial than the major cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Read more for the Benefits of minor cannabinoids.
The only reason they’re called minor cannabinoids is that they aren’t as frequently found in the cannabis Sativa as the other two major cannabinoids, THC and CBD. Currently, four strains of minor cannabinoids are the most researched and talked about, which are:
- CBG (cannabigerol)
- CBN (cannabinol)
- CBC (cannabichromene)
- THCv (tetrahydrocannabivarin)
So what do they do?
The benefits of minor cannabinoids are still mostly being researched. But from what has been researched, they appear to have very similar benefits to their siblings, THC and CBD.
Effects such as:
- psychosis or mental disorders
- inflammatory bowel disease
Let’s take a more in-depth look at the minor cannabinoids mentioned above which are CBG, CBN, CBC, THCv
CBG or if you prefer its scientific name, Cannabigerol, is a very important cannabinoid within the cannabis plant. It is often called the ‘Mother Of Cannabinoids’ or the ‘Stem Cell Cannabinoid’. This is because it functions similarly to our human body’s stem cells. Whereby they are the original cannabinoid from which all other cannabinoids are synthesised through different processes as the cannabis plant matures.
Think of CBG as the first cannabinoid that exists within the cannabis plant, it then produces ‘children’ as the cannabis plant matures. The ‘children’ in this case would be the other cannabinoids like THC, CBD and the aforementioned minor cannabinoids.
CBG operates similarly to CBD as it does not produce a psychoactive or ‘high’ effect, because it does not interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system the same way THC does.
Research has shown that CBG produces the following benefits:
- Treating glaucoma
- Reducing anxiety
- Improving bowel disease
- Slowing the spread of cancer cells
- Reducing nausea
This particular minor cannabinoid has a reputation for causing intense couch-lock and drowsiness. So you could probably guess that this strain of cannabinoids produces a strong psychoactive effect or a ‘high’. This is because CBN is very closely related to the more fun sibling of most cannabinoids, THC.
CBN is THC. But, the key difference between these two is the times at which they are produced. CBN is the older of the two and is produced due to the degradation of THC. Ever heard of aged meats? The same thing, CBN is essentially aged THC from exposure to air and light over a certain amount of time.
However, more recent research and studies have shown the intense psychoactive effect is due to the synergistic effect of both THC and CBN as opposed to only CBN.
The benefits of CBN are as follows:
- Aiding in sleeplessness and insomnia
- Stimulating appetite
- Reducing inflammation
- And even promoting the healing of bone cells and bone growth.
CBC is one of the more mysterious strains of minor cannabinoids. What researchers know about it is that it does not produce psychoactive effects or the ‘high’ effect, whilst at the same time providing a host of benefits.
Amongst those benefits, CBC is also touted to possibly be able to help inhibit the growth of cancer cells. This could lead to incredible breakthroughs in cancer research and possibly finding a solution to help curb cancer in the future.
Researchers have also found that CBC is a support-type of cannabinoid, as it has shown capabilities to boost the effects of other cannabinoids through the entourage effect.
Research has shown that CBC could produce the following benefits:
- Reduce edema
- Treat depression (3)
- Remove acne (4)
- Reduce pain
- Inhibit the growth of cancer cells
THCv is considered a biphasic minor cannabinoid. The term ‘biphasic’ means duo-phased or has two phases in its processes. A biphasic cannabinoid is a cannabinoid that has two phases of effects, THCv has several specific effects when it is taken at low doses. The same THCv, when taken at higher doses can produce near opposite effects to when it is taken at lower doses.
The list of benefits that THCv has are:
- Treating panic disorders
- Treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Reducing glucose levels
- Reducing blood pressure
However, when taken at higher doses, THCv produces a psychoactive intoxication or a ‘high’ effect.
THCv has also been found to be a potential ingredient for combating acne THCv was found to be more effective in fighting acne than CBD and CBC.
In conclusion, minor cannabinoids are just as important and beneficial as major cannabinoids like THC and CBD. They should not be underestimated simply because their names contain the term ‘minor’.
There are over 110 cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant and the four mentioned in this post are only the most talked-about ones at the moment. More and more of these minor cannabinoids could very well be discovered shortly. So stay tuned as we will be updating our content following more recent discoveries!
For more information regarding CBD and how it helps with medical conditions, click here.
Currently, there is still much to learn and discover about the minor cannabinoids due to their relatively recent discovery. But, one thing researchers do know is that these minor cannabinoids help us with various functions as said before.
To know more about the medicinal CBD as a treatment element, click here. At AltMed, through our podcasts, we bring to you inspiring stories from the frontiers of our rapidly-changing industry. Each week we further the discussion around natural and alternative medicinal solutions. Subscribe now!